What is gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia is a disorder of the endocrine system that creates a swelling of the male breast tissue. It can affect one or both breasts, and stems from testosterone and estrogen hormonal imbalances.
What causes Gynecomastia?
There are various factors and interactions that seem to trigger the development of Gynecomastia.
- Obesity and Hormone changes in men can lead to Gynecomastia
Obesity is linked with excess body fat which can also accumulate in the chest area.
Testosterone is known as a ‘male’ hormone and estrogen as its female counterpart.
These hormones are found in all genders, but they need to coexist in an appropriate balance for the body to function within what is considered a ‘typical hormonal balance’ range for that particular gender (it is not an exact science however and there are many natural variations that occur in our society).
In fact, hormonal imbalances occur more frequently than we might be aware of or even able to measure.
Excess estrogen in males can also potentially lead to enlarged breasts.
This can happen at any age, especially during puberty, when hormones get fairly unpredictable as sexual maturity of the body progresses; and it can happen during later life either through side-effects of medications.
It can also occur in relation to later-life hormone decreases (androgen/testosterone deficiencies) that are also relatively common in some ageing men.
- Illnesses can lead to enlarged male breasts
Some health conditions are known to be linked to, or even lead to, the development of gynecomastia. A few of these diseases are:
- Chromosonal disorders
- Kidney failure
- Medications can have side effects of increasing breast tissue on males or altering hormone levels of the body
Due to the chemical composition of some medicines, gynecomastia (www.bestgynecomastiaindia.com) can potentially be an unwanted effect of the drug (side effect or direct effect as it would not otherwise present).
Make sure to ask your Medical Team about the links between these medications and your male breast condition if you have Gynecomastia:
- Heart medications
- AIDS medication
- Ulcer medications
- Drugs and alcohol are known to be linked with protruding breasts
Besides the many other very unpleasant and potentially life-threatening effects of drugs and alcohol, gynecomastia is also a risk of substance use.
Alcohol, which is regularly and widely consumed in Indian society and other countries, is linked with enlarged breasts on males. Alcohol is also known to lead to changes in hormone levels, as well as a higher BMI (Body Mass Index) and altered fat-to-muscle ratios.
Narcotics such as marijuana, amphetamine, methadone, and heroin have been known to lead to the development of enlarged male breasts in some cases.
Gynecomastia Specialist Surgeon in South Delhi:
Address: 13 Palam Marg, Vasant Vihar, New Delhi – 110057 (India)
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